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Studies

Kalmuss et al. (1992): study US 1989

Publication

Author(s):
Kalmuss, D.; Bauer, U.; Namerow, P.B.
Title:
Short-Term Consequences of Parenting Versus Adoption among Young Unmarried Woman.
Source:
Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1992, Vol. 54, 80 - 90

Investigation

Public:
Unmarried teenage mothers, USA, 1989-1990
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 527
Non Response:
>10%
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

"...... how satisfied are you with your life-as-a-whole......?"
(Full question not reported)
1    not very satisfied
2    somewhat satisfied
3    very satisfied
4    extremely satisfied
Classification:
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-a
Author's label:
satisfaction with life in general
Page in publication:
83-84
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.34 -
SD:
- -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding parenters versus placers Change in parental status
Change in family-life
age Age difference among young people race (black/white) Ethnic status in the USA lived with both parents at age 14 Number of parents (broken home) received public assistance while growing up Income from social security high school graduate Level of school-education living in maternity residences Ever lived in an institutional setting summed effects Life-appraisals + personality