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Studies

Kalmuss et al. (1992): study US 1989

Publication

Author(s):
Kalmuss, D.; Bauer, U.; Namerow, P.B.
Title:
Short-Term Consequences of Parenting Versus Adoption among Young Unmarried Woman.
Source:
Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1992, Vol. 54, 80 - 90

Investigation

Public:
Unmarried teenage mothers, USA, 1989-1990
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 527
Non Response:
>10%
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

"...... how satisfied are you with your life-as-a-whole......?"
(Full question not reported)
1    not very satisfied
2    somewhat satisfied
3    very satisfied
4    extremely satisfied
Classification:
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-a
Author's label:
satisfaction with life in general
Page in publication:
83-84
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.34

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding parenters versus placers Change in parental status
Change in family-life
age Age difference among young people race (black/white) Ethnic status in the USA lived with both parents at age 14 Number of parents (broken home) received public assistance while growing up Welfare high school graduate Level of school-education living in maternity residences Ever lived in an institutional setting summed effects Life-appraisals + personality