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Correlational findings

Study Kalmuss et al. (1992): study US 1989

Public:
Unmarried teenage mothers, USA, 1989-1990
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 527
Non Response:
>10%
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Correlate

Authors's Label
received public assistance while growing up
Our Classification
Remarks
more than 3 out of 5 of the parenters were receiving public assistance at the post-birth intervieuw; more than 3 of 5 of the parenters were receiving public assistance at the post-birth intervieuw, compared to only 4% of the placers. 17% repported they were receiving public assistance when they became pregnant.
Distribution
29% reported their family receiving public assistance while growing up
Operationalization
received public assistance while growing up
0: no
1: yes

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-a b = -.06 ns B controlled for:
- pregnancy resolution (parented/placed)
- age in years
- race (black/white)
- lived with both parents at age 14
- high school graduate
- mived in maternity residence while pregnant