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Studies

Cheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2001

Publication

Author(s):
Cheng, H.; Furnham, A.
Title:
Personality, Self-Esteem, and Demographic Predictions of Happiness and Depression.
Source:
Personality and Individual Differences, 2003, Vol. 34, 921- 942

Investigation

Public:
Students. London, UK, 2001
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 234
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3   very happy
2   pretty happy
1   not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-a
Author's label:
Gurin Scale (Happy)
Page in publication:
926.927
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.07
SD:
0.54
Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Bradburn Affect Balance (ABS)
Remarks:
test-retest reliability of 0.76 across a 3-day interval for the scale
Positive Affect Scale M=0.83
Negative Affect Scale M=0.81
Page in publication:
925.927
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -5 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
0.70 5.70
SD:
1.97 1.97

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) Depressive (f31-33) Oxford Happiness Inventory (OHI) Life-adjustment inventories Affect Balance Scale O-HL by A-AB Relation with friends Attitudes to friendship Romance Current love-life The Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES) Life-adjustment inventories Relationship with parents Relations with parents Father employed Marriage of parents
Employment of parents
Parental divorce Marriage of parents
Number of parents (broken home)
Mother employed Capacities of parents
Unemployment of parents
Working mother
Extraversion Extraverted Neuroticism Neurotic Psychoticism Psychotic Lie scale Agreeing, yea-saying
Response tendencies
Honest
Male/female Sex (male vs female)