Correlational findings

Study Cheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2001

Students. London, UK, 2001
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 234
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Cronbach alpha: .83
Beck et al. (1961)
M=8.83  SD=1.97
Self-report on 21 questions.
A: I am sad
B: I am afraid of the future
C: I failed as a person
D: I am not happy
E: I feel guilty
F: I have being punished
G: I feel disapointed
H: I am a bad person
I: I think often over a suicide
J: I am crying very often
K: I feel get annoyed
L: I have lack of interest in other persons
M: I have lack of dississsion
N: I am not good-looking
O: I dislike work
P: I sleep not well
Q: I am fatigue
R: I have a lack of appetite
S: Ihave lost weight
T: I am afraid of my health
U: I have lack of interst in sex

Rated on 5 step scale

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a r = -.56 p < .001 Positive Affect r=-.43
Negative Affect r=+.42
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = -.44 p < .001