Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to farming
Subject code: F04ad

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1986): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: The Smallholding Movement.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 153 - 173
Public'Back to the land' mini-farmers, West USA and Canada,198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44 %
Respondents N =510

Author's labelTechnical self-reliance
Page in Source 164
Our classificationAttitudes to farming, code F04ad
The respondents were presented with a list of 25 
alternative technologies (gardens, windmills, 
greenhouses etc) and asked, whether they employed the 
particular practises. 
They were then requested to note the effectiveness of 
the technologies they employed on a four point 
Likert-type scale from "not at all effective" to "very 
effective" in terms of 'providing your family with 
independence or self-reliance'
Observed distributionrange: 0 - 100

Observed Relation with Happiness
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.24 p < .001

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.