Correlational finding on Happiness and Advancement in current job
Subject code: O01aa03a

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response 20%, Attrition 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelJob advancement
Our classificationAdvancement in current job, code O01aa03a
Operationalization
4-item index of closed questions on:
- whether current job is the best one 
  ever had
- raise in pay during past year
- promotion during past year and   chances for 
advancement

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDMr=+
Data T1.
Not computed for summed ABS.

Index of Positive Affects: (PA)
- Among white-collar workers:
  Positive relationship (05) among both workers
  of high occupational prestige and workers of 
  medium or low prestige.
- Among blue-collar workers:
  Positive relationship (05) among workers of
  high or medium occupational prestige only.
  Not among workers of low prestige.

Index of Negative Affects: (NA)
- Slightly negative (ns) among blue-collar 
  workers of low occupational prestige only.
- No relationships among the other occupational
  categories.
 
Affect level expressed in average ridits (RT). 
Ridit analysis compares distribution in category 
with distribution in total sample. RT above .50 
means relative high level RT below .50 relative 
low level. 


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMrDIFFERENCE IN MEAN RIDITS
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Happiness ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
Mr < .50: average happiness in this subgroup lower than in the larger population
Mr = .50: average happiness in this subgroup the same as in the larger population
Mr > .50: average happiness in this subgroup higher than in the larger population

'Ridit analysis' compares the distribution of happiness scores in subgroups to its distribution in the entire sample ("Relative to an Identified Distribution")

Testing for significance can be performed through a "BROSS Confidence Interval" (BCI). If all values the BCI for a subgroup are above/below 0.500, the subgroup is significantly more/less happy than the larger population.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl