Correlational finding on Happiness and Falling unemployed
Subject code: E02aa02ab

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response 20%, Attrition 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelChange in employment
Our classificationFalling unemployed, code E02aa02ab
Operationalization
Change in employment over 10 months period.
Employment status assessed at:
T1: January 1963
T3: Oktober 1963










- Falling unemployed
  0 stayed employed
  1 fell unemployed

- Getting employed
  0 stayed unemployed
  1 got employed

- Staying unemployed
  0 stayed employed
  1 stayed unemployed
Remarks
Computed for chief wage owners only.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDMr=-.13
CHANGE in employment by CHANGE in happiness.
Happiness (Affect Balance) assessed at T1 and T3.

Change in happiness expressed in change in average 
ridits (RT).
- T1 employed, T3 employed       RT=.49
- T1 employed, T3 unemployed     RT=.36
- T1 unemployed, T3 employed     RT=.53
- T1 unemployed, T3 unemployed   RT=.48

Ridit analysis compares distribution in category 
with distribution in total sample. RT above .50 
means relative increase, RT below .50 relative 
decrease.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDMr=+.05
                 
                 
                 
              
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDMr=+.01


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMrDIFFERENCE IN MEAN RIDITS
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Happiness ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
Mr < .50: average happiness in this subgroup lower than in the larger population
Mr = .50: average happiness in this subgroup the same as in the larger population
Mr > .50: average happiness in this subgroup higher than in the larger population

'Ridit analysis' compares the distribution of happiness scores in subgroups to its distribution in the entire sample ("Relative to an Identified Distribution")

Testing for significance can be performed through a "BROSS Confidence Interval" (BCI). If all values the BCI for a subgroup are above/below 0.500, the subgroup is significantly more/less happy than the larger population.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl