Correlational finding on Happiness and Scores on symptom inventories
Subject code: H13ab02b

StudyCheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2003
TitlePersonality, Self-Esteem, and Demographic Predictions of Happiness and Depression.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 2003, Vol. 34, 921- 942
DOIDOI:10.1016/SO191-8869(02)00078-8
PublicStudents, London, UK, 2003
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0%
Respondents N =234

Correlate
Author's labelExtraversion
Page in Source 928
Our classificationScores on symptom inventories, code H13ab02b
Operationalization
Self-report on the following questions:
a:Are you a talkative person?
b:Are you rather lively?
c:Do you enjoy meeting new people?
d:Can you usually let yourself go and  enjoy yourself 
at a lively party?
e:Do you usually take the initiative in making new 
friends?
f:Can you easily get some life into a rather dull 
party?
g:Do you tend to keep in the background on social 
occasions?
h:Do you like mixing with people?
i:Do you like plenty of bustle and excitement around 
you?
j:Are you mostly quiet when you are with other people?
k:Do other people think of you as being very lively?
l:Can you get a party going?

Rated: yes/no
Remarks
Score on subscale Extraversion of Eysenck Personality 
Questionnaire (Revised)
Source: Abbreviated Revised Eysenck Personality 
Questionnaire (1985)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.25 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.32 p < .001


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl