Correlational finding on Happiness and Happiness inventories involving unacceptable items
Subject code: L04ah

StudyCheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2003
TitlePersonality, Self-Esteem, and Demographic Predictions of Happiness and Depression.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 2003, Vol. 34, 921- 942
PublicStudents, London, UK, 2003
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =234

Author's labelOxford Happiness Inventory
Page in Source 928
Our classificationHappiness inventories involving unacceptable items, code L04ah
Self-report on 29 questions
a. I donít feel particularly pleased with the way I am. 

b. I am intensely interested in other people. 
c. I feel that life is very rewarding. 
d. I have very warm feelings towards almost everyone.
e. I rarely wake up feeling rested. 
f. I am not particularly optimistic about the future. 
g. I find most things amusing. 
h. I am always committed and involved. 
i. Life is good. 
j. I do not think that the world is a good place. 
k. I laugh a lot. 
l. I am well satisfied about everything in my life. 
m. I donít think I look attractive. 
n. There is a gap between what I would like to do and 
what I have done. 
o. I am very happy. 
p. I find beauty in some things. 
q. I always have a cheerful effect on others. 
r. I can fit in (find time for) everything I want to. 
s. I feel that I am not especially in control of my 
t. I feel able to take anything on. 
u. I feel fully mentally alert. 
v. I often experience joy and elation. 
w. I donít find it easy to make decisions. 
x. I donít have a particular sense of meaning and 
purpose in my life. 
y. I feel I have a great deal of energy.
z. I usually have a good influence on events. 
aa. I donít have fun with other people. 
bb. I donít feel particularly healthy. 
cc. I donít have particularly happy memories of the 

Rated as:
1 = strongly disagree
2 = moderately disagree
3 = slightly disagree
4 = slightly agree
5 = moderately agree
6 = strongly agree
Observed distribution Mean SD males 157.32 23.64 females 151.42 22.34
Source: Argyle, M a.o. (1989). Happiness as a function 
of personality and social encouters.

Observed Relation with Happiness
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.45 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.47 p < .001

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 ę no correlation ,
r = 1 ę perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 ę perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.