Study Harder (1969): study US 1969
- Married females, USA, 196?
- N = 62
- Non Response
Multiple assesment methods
Expert ratings, structured interview, and structured questionnaire
- Authors's Label
- Elation vs depression
- Our Classification
- happiness measure type A-ARE
- Selfreport on single question, answered every evening before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling)
On average; how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you felt today....?
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous delight and buoyancy
8 Elated and in high spirits
7 Feeling very good and cheerful
6 Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4 Spirits low and somewhat 'blue'
3 Depressed and feeling very low. Definitely 'blue'
2 Tremendously depressed.Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down. All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.
Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - depression scale'
Observed Relation with Happiness
Daily highest mood: r = +.29 (05)
Daily lowest mood: r = +.22 (ns)