Correlational findings

Study Harder (1969): study US 1969

Married females, USA, 196?
N = 62
Non Response
Multiple assesment methods
Expert ratings, structured interview, and structured questionnaire


Authors's Label
Elation vs depression
Our Classification
happiness measure type A-ARE
Selfreport on single question, answered every evening before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling)
On average;  how elated or depressed,  happy or unhappy you felt today....?
10  Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9  Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous delight and buoyancy
8  Elated and in high spirits
7  Feeling very good and cheerful
6  Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5  Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4  Spirits low and somewhat 'blue'
3  Depressed and feeling very low.     Definitely 'blue'
2  Tremendously depressed.Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1  Utter depression and gloom. Completely down. All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Name:  Wessman & Ricks'  `Elation - depression scale'

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = +.21 ns Daily average mood: r = +.21 (ns)
Daily highest mood: r = +.29 (05)
Daily lowest  mood: r = +.22 (ns)