Correlational findings

Study Bradburn (1969): study US 1963

21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
N = 2787
Non Response:
± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Interview: face-to-face
Repeated interviews at home using highly structured questionnaires


Authors's label
Increase of income
Our Classification
Change in total family income between T1 and T3 (one year).
1. less
2. same
3. more

Total family income assessed by estimates.
T1 (Jan. 1963): estimated income 1962.
T3 (Okt. 1963): expected income 1963.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a DMr = ± ns CHANGE in income by CHANGE in happiness.
Happiness (Affect Balance) assessed at T1 and T3.

Change in happiness expressed in change () in average ridits (RT). RT above .50 indicates that Ss in the category became more happy than the reference group, RT below .50 that they became relatively less happy. The sample of 10 metropolitan areas served as reference.

1. less income      RT = .49
2. same             RT = .53
3. more income      RT = .50