Correlational findings

Study Bradburn (1969): study US 1963

21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
N = 2787
Non Response:
± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Interview: face-to-face
Repeated interviews at home using highly structured questionnaires


Authors's label
Increase in subjective debts level
Our Classification
Single direct question on debts.
- no debts
- debts: could pay off
- debts: could not pay off without

Assessed at:
T1: January 1963
T3: Oktober 1963

Chance in response between T1-T3
1. decreased   (N=427)
2. stable      (N=1367)
3. increased   (N=287)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a DMr = - ns CHANGE in debt level by CHANGE in happiness.
Happiness (Affect Balance) assessed at T1 and T3.

Change in happiness expressed in change () in average ridits (RT). RT above .50 indicates that, on the average, Ss in the category became more happy than in the reference group, RT below .50 that these became relatively less happy. The reference group is the sample of 10 metropolitan areas.

Decreased RT = .52
Stable    RT = .50
Increased RT = .48