Correlational findings

Study Bradburn (1969): study US 1963

21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
N = 2787
Non Response
± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Interview: face-to-face
Repeated interviews at home using highly structured questionnaires


Authors's Label
Change in anxiety (Increase)
Our Classification
Difference in response to a 3-item index of health complaints in the last few weeks.
- nervousness or tenseness
- trouble getting to sleep
- have(not) enough energy to do things
  you liked to do.

Assessed at
T1: January 1963
T3: Oktober 1963

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a DMr = - p < .05 CHANGE in anxiety by CHANGE in happiness.
Computed for negative affect (NA) only (not full ABS).
NA assessed at T1 and T3

Ss who increased in anxiety tend to increase NA as well (and reversedly).

Change in affect expressed in change () in average ridits (RT). Ridit analysis compares distribution in category with distribution in total sample. RT above .50 means relative increase. RT below relative decrease in happiness.