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Correlational findings

Study Spanier & Furstenberg (1982): study US 1977

Public:
Separated, followed 2 years, Pennsylvania, USA, 1977-79
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 210
Non Response:
T1: 39 %, T2: 48 %
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Correlate

Authors's label
Separation aftermath
Our Classification
Operationalization
Change in happiness between T1 and T2  
(2,5 years)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a D% = + Increase 42 %, no change 25 %, decrease 33 %

Change in happiness unaffected by:
-children ( presence in the house, number, age of  oldest)
-former marriage (length of marriage, length of    separation, divorced or not at T1, recalled
dyadic adjustment prior to separation)
-remarriage and entering cohabitation or not       since T1
-S.E.S. (former spouses occupational status, own
occupational status, family income, education)
-sex role
-age
-gender

Results partly drawn from HANSO 83 who treats
same data differently and does not involve HAPP 3.1
O-SLS-c-sq-v-5-a = + Increase 32 %, no change 50 %, decrease 19 %

Though gains in happiness are more frequent than
losses, they are less great.
HANSO 83:37 reports means of HAPP 2.1 to be simular at T1 and T2
More gain in happiness among those;
-satisfied with work
-oldest at first marriage
Change in happiness unaffected by:
-children (presence in the house, number, age of
oldest)
-former marriage (length of marriage, length of    separation, divorced or not at T1, recalled       dyadic adjustment prior to separation)
-remarriage and entering cohabitation or not       since T1     
-S.E.S.( former spouses occupational status, own   occupational status, family income, education)
-sex role
-age
-gender

Results partly drawn from HANSO 83 who treats same data differently and does not involve
Happ 2.1
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a = - Increase 42 %, no change 11 %, decrease 46 %
Mean happiness simular at T1 and T2. S.D. slightly simular                       
Change in happiness unaffected by :
-children (presence in the house and, number of)
-former marriage (length of marriage, length of separation, divorced or not at T1, recalled dyadic adjustment prior to separation)
-remarriage and entering cohabitation or not since T1
-S.E.S. (former spouses occupational status, own
occupational status, family income, education)
-sex role (households tasks at T1)
-age
-gender
Change in happiness positively affected by:
-employment at T1
-age of oldest child at T1

Results partly drawn from HANSO 83 who treats same data differently and does not involve
AFF 2.3

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a D% = + Increase 42 %, no change 25 %, decrease 33 %

Change in happiness unaffected by:
-children ( presence in the house, number, age of  oldest)
-former marriage (length of marriage, length of   separation, divorced or not at T1, recalled
dyadic adjustment prior to separation)
-remarriage and entering cohabitation or not      since T1
-S.E.S. (former spouses occupational status, own
occupational status, family income, education)
-sex role
-age
-gender
O-SLS-c-sq-v-5-a D% = + Increase 32 %, no change 50 %, decrease 19 %

Though gains in happiness are more frequent than
losses, they are less great.
HANSO 1983:37 reports means of HAPP 2.1 to be similar at T1 and T2

More gain in happiness among those;
-satisfied with work
-oldest at first marriage

Change in happiness unaffected by:
-children (presence in the house, number, age of
oldest)
-former marriage (length of marriage, length of  separation, divorced or not at T1, recalled     dyadic adjustment prior to separation)
-remarriage and entering cohabitation or not     since T1     
-S.E.S.( former spouses occupational status, own occupational status, family income, education)
-sex role
-age
-gender
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a D% = - Increase 42 %, no change 11 %, decrease 46 %
Mean happiness similar at T1 and T2.
Change in happiness unaffected by :
-children (presence in the house and, number of)
-former marriage (length of marriage, length of
separation, divorced or not at T1, recalled
dyadic adjustment prior to separation)
-remarriage and entering cohabitation or not
since T1
-S.E.S. (former spouses occupational status, own
occupational status, family income, education)
-sex role (households tasks at T1)
-age
-gender

Change in happiness positively affected by:
-employment at T1
-age of oldest child at T1

Results partly drawn from HANSO 1983 who treats same data differently.