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Correlational findings

Study Stevenson & Wolfers (2008): study ZZ World samples 1981

Public:
18+ aged general public, 61 nations, 1981-2004
Survey name:
WVS: combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 250000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
GDP per capita: Levels
Our Classification
Operationalization
GDP/capita (log) at purchasing power parity constant 2000 international dollars

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-c b = +.41 p < .01 AVERAGE happiness by Real GDP/capita in 166 nations/waves O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a b = +.23 p < .01 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-c b-fix = +.55 p < .01 Fixed effects of wave and country included O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a b-fix = +.22 ns O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-c OPRC = +.39 p < .01 INDIVIDUAL happiness by GPD/pc in nation O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OPRC = +.21 p < .01 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-c OPRC = +.58 p < .01 Fixed effects of wave and country included O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OLRC = +.26 p < .05 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-c b = +.50 p < .05 AVERAGE happiness by Real GDP/capita
Wave 1: 1981-1984, 20 countries included
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-c b = +.56 p < .05 AVERAGE happiness by Real GDP/capita
Wave 2: 1989-1993, 42 countries included
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-c b = +.46 p < .01 AVERAGE happiness by Real GDP/capita
Wave 3: 1994-1999, 52 countries included
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-c b = +.35 p < .01 AVERAGE happiness by Real GDP/capita
Wave 4: 1999, 69 countries included
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a r = +.28 Average r with positive affect +.14
Average r with negative affect -.14
r Affect Balance estimated by WDH team