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Correlational findings

Study Gehring (2013): study ZZ World samples 1981

Public:
18+ aged, 79 countries, 1981-2007
Survey name:
WorldValuesSurv 1-5
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 200000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Legal system and property rights
Our Classification
Operationalization
A: Judicial independence
B: Impartial courts
C: Protection of property rights
D: Military interference in rule of law and politics
E: Integrity of the legal system
F: Legal enforcement of contracts
G: Regulatory restrictions on the sale of real property
H: Reliability of police
I: Business costs of crime

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.34 AVERAGE happiness by legal system and property rights in 79 nations. O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a b = +.03 p < .05 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = +.49 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.10 p < .05 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.07 Age below median in country O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.11 Age above median in country O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.09 p < .10 Females only O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.09 p < .10 Males only O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.07 Low social class only (self rating) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.12 p < .10 Upper and middle class only (self rating) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.09 p < .05 Left wing only (self rating) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.08 p < .10 Right wing only (self rating) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.01 Poor nations only (GDP per capita is less than $10,500) (N=58) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.14 p < .05 Rich nations only (GDP per capita is more than $10,500) (N=49) O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a b = +.02 Poor nations only (GDP per capita is less than $10,500) (N=58) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.02 Rich nations only (GDP per capita is more than $10,500) (N=49) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = +.49 % VERY HAPPY (top 3 life satisfaction) by legal system and property rights in 79 nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.01 p < .10 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.00 Poor nations only (GDP per capita is less than $10,500) (N=58) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.03 p < .05 Rich nations only (GDP per capita is more than $10,500) (N=49)

b's control for:
- social trust
- belief in God
- investment price level
- log GDP per capita
- government share as a percentage of GDP
- regional dummies
- period dummies

b's are for autoregressive (1) random effects model. Similar coefficients are obtained for  pooled OLS with robust SE, fixed effects model, and random effects model.