print

Correlational findings

Study Gehring (2013): study ZZ World samples 1981

Public:
18+ aged, 79 countries, 1981-2007
Survey name:
INT-WorldValuesSurv 1-5
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 200000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Government share in % of GDP
Our Classification
Distribution
M=17,015  SD=7,016
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = -.45 none AVERAGE happiness by government share (% of GDP) in 79 nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = -.45 none O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.02 p < .01 none b controls for:
- social trust
- belief in God
- investment price level
- log GDP per capita
- government share (% of GDP)
- regional dummies
- period dummies
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.02 p < .05 none b additionally controls for:
- economic freedom

Similar coefficients are obtained for a fixed effects model, random effects model, and an autoregressive (1) random effects model.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = -.43 none % VERY HAPPY (top 3 life satisfaction) by government share (% of GDP) in 79 nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.00 p < .01 none