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Correlational findings

Study Erlinghagen (2011): study DE 2002

Public:
15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2002-2009
Survey name:
EU-ESS 1-4: 2002-2010
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 11096
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Frequency of praying
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Apart from when you are at religious services, how often, if at all, do you pray?
1 every day
2 more than once a week
3 once a week
4 at least once a month
5 only on special holy days
6 less often
7 never

Rescaled to:
1: regularly/frequently
0: never/rarely

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = +.10 p < .01 O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cd b = +.16 p < .01 B's controlled for:
- immigration status
- age
- age^2
- education
- employment
- gender
- friends
- partner
- children
- health
- general trustfullness
- satisfaction with democracy
- income