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Correlational findings

Study Erlinghagen (2011): study DE 2002

Public:
15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2002-2009
Survey name:
EU-ESS 1-4: 2002-2010
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 11096
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Migration
Our Classification
Operationalization
1: Migrants
  a) Emigrants (born in Germany but living in
       another country)
  b) Remigrants (born in Germany and having
        worked for 6 months or  longer in another
        country)
0: Non-migrants in Germany

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a DM = + Emigrants:    M= 7.7
Non-migrants: M= 7.1
- difference:   +0.6

Re-migrants:  M= 7.2
Non-migrants: M= 7.1
- differece:    +0.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cd DM = + Emigrants:    M= 7.5
Non-migrants: M= 6.8
Difference:     +0.7

Re-migrants:  M= 6.8
Non-migrants: M= 6.8
- difference:    0.0
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = +.36 p < .05 EMIGRANTS MOVED <5 YEARS AGO (vs non-migrants)

B's in these comparisons controlled for:
- gender
- age
- age^2
- education
- employment
- friends
- partner
- children
- health

B=+.12(ns) when additionally controlled for:
- general trustfullness
- satisfaction with democracy
- frequency of praying
- income
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = +.34 p < .01 EMIGRANTS MOVED 6-20 YEARS AGO(vs non-migrants)

When including the additional covariates:
B= +.12(ns)
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = +.44 p < .01 EMIGRANTS MOVED >20 YEARS AGO (vs non-migrants)

When including the additional covariates:
B= +.31 (p<.01)
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = -.04 ns RE-MIGRANTS                   (vs non-migrants)

When including the additional covariates:
B= -.04(ns)

Similar findings were observed in all above comparisons for happiness-measure:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cd.