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Correlational findings

Study Graney & Graney (1973): study US 1971

Public:
62-89 aged females, USA, 1971
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 44
Non Response:
27%; 24% unattainable, 3% incomplete.
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Correlate

Authors's label
Personal adjustment.
Our Classification
Operationalization
Degree of correspondence between orientation towards social participation and actual social participation mode.

1. Orientation towards social  
   participation was measured by the
   adapted Dye (1963) Localism -
   Cosmopolitan Scale (see S 4.5, GRANE
   1973A).

2. Actual social participation was
   measured by 9 social communications
   activities, which were arrayed  
   according to their degree of 'cosmo-
   politan characteristics of the
   people who are (in)active in them:
   -'cosmopolitan' mode of social
    participation defined as: visiting
    neighbours, friends and relatives
    and reading.
   -'intermediate' mode of social
    participation defined as: church
    attendance, television viewing,
    and number of memberships in
    voluntary associations.
   -'local' mode of social
    participation defined as: radio-
    listening, telephone use, and
    participation in voluntary
    associations.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a tb = -.02 ns