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Correlational findings

Study Halman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /2

Public:
18+ aged, general public, EU 10, 1981
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 12464
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Highly structured

Correlate

Authors's label
Satisfaction with income
Our Classification
Operationalization
Direct question: "How satisfied are you with your financial situation at home?". Rated on a 10-point scale with higher numbers indicating higher income satisfaction.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.48 p < .01 France O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.32 p < .01 France O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.21 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.24 p < .01 Great-Britain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.39 p < .01 Great-Britain O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.26 p < .01 West Germany O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.26 p < .01 Italy O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.12 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.47 p < .01 West Germany O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.25 Netherlands O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.15 p < .01 Denmark O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.13 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.39 p < .01 Italy O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.35 p < .01 Belgium O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = <.10 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.31 p < .01 Spain O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.27 p < .01 Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.42 Netherlands O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.38 p < .01 Northern Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.16
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.25 p < .01 Denmark O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.28 EC

Lineair relation

O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Beta = <.10 In none of the european countries (except for France: ß=+.12 and Spain: ß=+.11) ß weights of this variable reached.10 level in multiple regression analysis, when controlling for:
satisfaction(HAPP 2.1), affect(AFF 2.3), satisfaction with health and family life; age, income, education, marital status, having children, work, male sex; urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social participation; uncertainty about future, expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past and future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, hopeless about life and sense of control.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = <.10 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.48 p < .01 Belgium O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.10 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.39 p < .01 Spain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.14 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.46 p < .01 Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = <.10 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.52 p < .01 Northern Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = <.10 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.44 EC O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.14
Lineair relation

ß's controlled for: satisfaction(HAPP 2.1), affect(AFF 2.3), satisfaction with health, and family life; age, income, education, marital status, having children, work, male sex; urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social participation; uncertainty about future, expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past and future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, hopeless about life and sense of control.