Correlational findings

Study Cheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2003

Students, London, UK, 2003
N = 234
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Questionnaire completed in class


Authors's Label
Oxford Happiness Inventory
Our Classification
Source: Argyle, M a.o. (1989). Happiness as a function of personality and social encouters.
                    Mean           SD
males           157.32         23.64
females        151.42         22.34
Self-report on 29 questions
a. I don’t feel particularly pleased with the way I am.
b. I am intensely interested in other people.
c. I feel that life is very rewarding.
d. I have very warm feelings towards almost everyone.
e. I rarely wake up feeling rested.
f. I am not particularly optimistic about the future.
g. I find most things amusing.
h. I am always committed and involved.
i. Life is good.
j. I do not think that the world is a good place.
k. I laugh a lot.
l. I am well satisfied about everything in my life.
m. I don’t think I look attractive.
n. There is a gap between what I would like to do and what I have done.
o. I am very happy.
p. I find beauty in some things.
q. I always have a cheerful effect on others.
r. I can fit in (find time for) everything I want to.
s. I feel that I am not especially in control of my life.
t. I feel able to take anything on.
u. I feel fully mentally alert.
v. I often experience joy and elation.
w. I don’t find it easy to make decisions.
x. I don’t have a particular sense of meaning and purpose in my life.
y. I feel I have a great deal of energy.
z. I usually have a good influence on events.
aa. I don’t have fun with other people.
bb. I don’t feel particularly healthy.
cc. I don’t have particularly happy memories of the past.

Rated as:
1 = strongly disagree
2 = moderately disagree
3 = slightly disagree
4 = slightly agree
5 = moderately agree
6 = strongly agree

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = +.45 p < .001 A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a r = +.47 p < .001