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Correlational findings

Study Cheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2003

Public:
Students, London, UK, 2003
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 234
Non Response:
0%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire completed in class

Correlate

Authors's Label
Beck Depression Inventory
Our Classification
Remarks
Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) comprises 21 items measuring both affects and symptoms. (Beck et al. 1961 Archives of General Psychiatry 4, 561-571).
Distribution
                     Mean          SD
males            6.85            6.14
females         9.59            6.54
Operationalization
Self- report on 21 items
a: I am sad
b: I am afraid of the future
c: I failed as a person
d: I am not happy
e: I feel guilty
f: I have being punished
g: I feel disapointed
h: I am a bad person
i: I think often over a suicide
j: I am crying very often
k: I feel get annoyed
l: I have lack of interest in other persons
m: I have lack of dississsion
n: I am not good-looking
o: I dislike work
p: I sleep not well
q: I am fatigue
r: I have a lack of appetite
s: Ihave lost weight
t: I am afraid of my health
u: I have lack of interst in sex

Rated: Never (0); Rarely (1); Sometimes(2); Often (3)
indicating the severity of symptoms.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-a r = -.44 p < .001 A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a r = -.56 p < .001