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Correlational findings

Study Ouweneel (2002): study ZZ Developed nations 1980

Public:
Unemployed adults, 42 nations, 1980-90
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 60000
Non Response:
n.a.
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Average change in well-being of the unemployed 1980-1990
Our Classification
Operationalization
A Low welfare state levels and increase social security:
a Canada
b Italy
c Japan
d Mexico
e Spain

B Low welfare state levels and decrease social security:
a Great Britain
b USA
c Norway (happiness)
d Argentina (life satisfaction)

C High welfare state levels and increase social security:
a Denmark
b Finland
c France
d Netherlands
e Sweden
f Norway (life satisfaction)

D High welfare state levels and increase social security:
a West Germany
b Ireland

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = -.73 Canada O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.13 Italy O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = -.78 Japan O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.13 Mexico O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.88 Spain O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = -.13 Great Britain O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.15 USA O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.38 Denmark O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.43 Finland O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.03 France O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = -.05 Netherlands O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.00 Sweden O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = -2.5 West Germany O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = -2.8 Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.26 Canada O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = -1.5 Finland O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.95 Italy O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = -.48 Japan O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = -.42 Mexico O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +1.3 Spain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.24 Argentina O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = -.55 Great Britain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = -.16 USA O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.20 Denmark O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.26 France O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = -.13 Netherlands O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.54 Norway O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.06 Sweden O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = -1.5 West Germany O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.37 Ireland

DMt is increase/decrease on scale 1-10