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Correlational findings

Study Ouweneel (2002): study ZZ Developed nations 1980

Public
Unemployed adults, 42 nations, 1980-90
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
n.a.
Assessment
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Average change in well-being of the unemployed 1980-1990
Our Classification
Remarks
state welfare level at the starting point in 1980 and change in social security expenditures 1980-1990 dividing point level welfare state spending in low and high is 17.4 % of GDP for happiness and 17.8 % for life satisfaction happiness scores werre converted from a 4-point to a 10-point scale to enable comparison with change in life satisfacttion data social security: ILO
Operationalization
A Low welfare state levels and increase social security:
a Canada
b Italy
c Japan
d Mexico
e Spain

B Low welfare state levels and decrease social security:
a Great Britain
b USA
c Norway (happiness)
d Argentina (life satisfaction)

C High welfare state levels and increase social security:
a Denmark
b Finland
c France
d Netherlands
e Sweden
f Norway (life satisfaction)

D High welfare state levels and increase social security:
a West Germany
b Ireland

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = -.73 Canada O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.95 Italy O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = -1.5 West Germany O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.06 Sweden O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.54 Norway O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = -.13 Netherlands O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.26 France O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.20 Denmark O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = -.16 USA O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = -.55 Great Britain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.24 Argentina O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +1.3 Spain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = -.42 Mexico O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = -.48 Japan O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = -1.5 Finland O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.13 Italy O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.26 Canada O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = -2.8 Ireland O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = -2.5 West Germany O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.00 Sweden O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = -.05 Netherlands O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.03 France O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.43 Finland O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.38 Denmark O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.15 USA O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = -.13 Great Britain O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.88 Spain O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = +.13 Mexico O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = -.78 Japan O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DMt = +.37 Ireland

DMt is increase/decrease on scale 1-10