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Correlational findings

Study Halman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /1

Public:
18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
Survey name:
WorldValuesSurvey 1
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 12464
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Highly structured

Correlate

Authors's label
Work
Our Classification
Operationalization
Direct question: "Do you work? If so, how many hours a week? Are you..."
(Order reversed).
1 Full time
2 Part time
3 Independent
4 Retired
5 Housewife
6 Student

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = + Full time         Mt' = 7.11
Part time         Mt' = 7.11
Independent       Mt' = 6.89
Unemployed        Mt' = 6.33
Retired           Mt' = 6.44
Housewife         Mt' = 7.00
Student           Mt' = 7.00
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa DMt = EC (stratified sample)
Full time         Mt' =  6.89
Part time         Mt' =  6.89
Independent       Mt' =  6.89
Unemployed        Mt' =  5.56
Retired           Mt' =  6.67
Housewife         Mt' =  6.67
Student           Mt' =  6.78
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Beta = Except for Northern Ireland (ß = -.16) in none of the european countries, ß weights of this variable reached .10 level in multiple regression analysis, when controlling for: life satisfaction (HAPP 2.1), affect (AFF 2.3); satisfaction with income, health and family life; age, income, male sex, marital status, having children, work; urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social participation; uncertainty about future, expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past and future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, hopeless about life and sense of control. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = In none of the european countries, ß weights of this variable reached .10 level in multiple regression analysis, when controlling for:
life satisfaction (HAPP 2.1), affect (AFF 2.3);
satisfaction with income, health and family life;
age, income, male sex, marital status, having children, work; urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social participation; uncertainty about future, expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past and future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, hopeless about life and sense of control.