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Correlational findings

Study Ovaska & Takashima (2006): study ZZ 1990

Public
18+ aged, general public, 68 nations, 1990-2001.
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
Assessment
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Educational attainment
Our Classification
Remarks
Source: The World Bank, World Development Indicators (WDI).
Distribution
M = 82,25; SD = 27,69; Range: 12,10 - 135,57.
Operationalization
Secundary education ratio, averaged data for the 1990s.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a b = -.00 ns Average happiness by Educational attainment in 68 nations.

B controlled for: (step 1)
-GDP per capita
-Economic freedom
-Political freedom
-Life expectancy
-GDP growth
-Government size
-Asia (dummy)
-Female labor participation
-Unemployment rate
-Inflation rate
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.01 p < .10 Average life-satisfaction by Educational attainment in 68 nations.

B controlled for: (step 1)
-GDP per capita
-Economic freedom
-Political freedom
-Life expectancy
-GDP growth
-Government size
-Asia (dummy)
-Female labor participation
-Unemployment rate
-Inflation rate
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a b = +.00 ns B addionally controlled for: (step 2)
-GDP per capita of neighbors
-Export
-Import
-Christianity (dummy)
-Islam (dummy)
-Population aging
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.00 ns B addionally controlled for: (step 2)
-GDP per capita of neighbors
-Export
-Import
-Christianity (dummy)
-Islam (dummy)
-Population aging