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Correlational findings

Study Ovaska & Takashima (2006): study ZZ 1990

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 68 nations, 1990-2001.
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 120000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Government size
Our Classification
Operationalization
Government expenditures in %GDP, averaged data for the 1990s.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a b = -.01 p < .05 Average happiness by Size of Government in 68 nations.

B controlled for:(step 1)
-GDP per capita
-Economic Freedom
-Political freedom
-Life expectancy
-GDP growth
-Asia (dummy)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a b = -.01 p < .05 B additionally controlled for:(step 2)
-Educational attainment
-Female labor participation
-Unemployment rate
-Inflation rate
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a b = -.00 ns B addionally controlled for: (step 3)
-GDP per capita neigbor-nations
-Export
-Import
-Christianity (dummy)
-Islam (dummy)
-Population aging
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.02 p < .05 Average life-satisfaction by Size of Government in 68 nations.

B controlled for:(step 1)
-GDP per capita
-Economic Freedom
-Political freedom
-Life expectancy
-GDP growth
-Asia (dummy)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.01 ns B additionally controlled for:(step 2)
-Educational attainment
-Female labor participation
-Unemployment rate
-Inflation rate
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.00 ns B addionally controlled for: (step 3)
-GDP per capita neigbor-nations
-Export
-Import
-Christianity (dummy)
-Islam (dummy)
-Population aging