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Correlational findings

Study Ovaska & Takashima (2006): study ZZ 1990

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 68 nations, 1990-2001.
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 120000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
GDP growth
Our Classification
Operationalization
%GDP-growth per year, averaged data for the 1990s.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a b = +.02 p < .01 Average happiness by GDP-growth in 68 nations

B controlled for:(step 1)
-GDP per capita
-Economic freedom
-Political freedom
-Life expectancy
-Government size
-Asia (dummy)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a b = +.01 ns B addionally controlled for: (step 2)
-Educational attainment
-Female labor participation
-Unemployment rate
-Inflation rate
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a b = +.02 p < .10 B addionally controlled for: (step 3)
-GDP per capita of neighbors
-Export
-Import
-Christianity (dummy)
-Islam (dummy)
-Population aging.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.16 p < .01 Average life-satisfaction by GDP-growth in 68 nations.

B controlled for:(step 1)
-GDP per capita
-Economic freedom
-Political freedom
-Life expectancy
-Government size
-Asia (dummy)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.11 p < .01 B addionally controlled for: (step 2)
-Educational attainment
-Female labor participation
-Unemployment rate
-Inflation rate
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.14 p < .01 B addionally controlled for: (step 3)
-GDP per capita of neighbors
-Export
-Import
-Christianity (dummy)
-Islam (dummy)
-Population aging