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Correlational findings

Study Ovaska & Takashima (2006): study ZZ 1990

Public
18+ aged, general public, 68 nations, 1990-2001.
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
Assessment
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Political freedom
Our Classification
Remarks
Source: Freedom House 2004.
Distribution
M = 5,29; SD = 1,59; Range: 1,10 - 7,00.
Operationalization
Political Freedom in the World Index, averaged data for the 1990s.
Components:
a: political rights
b: civil liberties.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a b = +.00 ns Average happiness by Political Freedom in 68 nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.06 ns Life-satisfaction by political freedom in 68 nations.

B's controlled for:
-GDP per capita
-Economic freedom
-Life expectancy
-GDP growth
-Government size
-Asia (dummy)
-Educational attainment
-Female labor participation
-Unemployment rate
-Inflation rate
-GDP per capita of neighbors
-Export
-Import
-Christianity (dummy)
-Islam (dummy)
-Population aging