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Correlational findings

Study Gundelach & Kreiner (2004): study ZZ Western Europe 1999

Public:
18 + aged, general public, 9 nations in Western Europe, 1999
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 10517
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Iceland: face to face 74%; by phone 26% in remote areas.

Correlate

Authors's label
Country of residence
Our Classification
Operationalization
Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany-East, Germany-West, Iceland, Netherlands, Sweden

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DM = Netherlands: M = 3,42,  SD = 0,57
Denmark:     M = 3,40,  SD = 0,58
Iceland:     M = 3,32 , SD = 0,61
Belgium      M = 3,34,  SD = 0,65  
Sweden       M = 3,29,  SD = 0,61
Austria      M = 3,26,  SD = 0,65
Finland      M = 3,14,  SD = 0,59
West-Germany M = 3,05,  SD = 0,59
East-Germany M = 2,95,  SD = 0,70
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Gs = +.40 Gs controlled for:
- perceived control over life
- living in a stable realtion or not
- life satisfaction (see below)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a Gs = +.22 Gs controlled for:
- perceived control over life
- living in a stable relationship or not
- happiness (see above)