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Correlational findings

Study Ryff (1989): study US 1984

Public:
Adults, USA, 198?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 321
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Environmental mastery
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self report on 16 positive and 16 negative statements. Each rated on a 6-point scale ranging from strongly agree to disagree.
High scorers have a sense of mastery and competence in managing the environment; control complex array of external activities; make effective use of surrounding opportunities; able to choose or create contexts suitable to personal needs and values.
Low scorers have difficulty managing everyday affairs; feel unable to change or improve surrounding context; are unaware of surrounding opportunities; lack sense of control over external world.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a r = +.62 p < .001