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Correlational findings

Study Ryff (1989): study US 1984

Public:
Adults, USA, 198?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 321
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Autonomy
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self report on 16 positive and 16 negative statements. Each rated on a 6-point scale ranging from strongly agree to disagree.
High scorers are self-determining and independent; able to resist social pressures to think and act in certain ways; regulate behavior from within; evaluate self by personal standards.
Low scorers are concerned about the expectations and evaluations of others; rely on judgments of others to make important decisions; conform to social pressures to think and act in certain ways.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a r = +.36 p < .001