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Correlational findings

Study Diener et al. (2000a): study ZZ World samples 1990

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 43 nations 1990-1992
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 59169
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Living as married
Our Classification
Operationalization
0. Living with a significant other
1. Married

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa DM = - M=               0    1        
                
China           8,67 7,50
South Korea     4,71 6,90  
Nigeria         7,05 6,66                 
Turkey          5,00 6,52
Brazil          6,68 7,66
Belarus         5,13 5,75
Estonia         5,74 6,22
Latvia          4,92 5,80
Lithuania       6,56 6,05
Mexico          6,94 7,57
Chile           7,74 7.68
Japan           6,18 6,67
India           7,29 6,80
Argentina       6,73 7,43
Bulgaria        4,86 5,16
North.Ireland  10,00 8,05  
Poland          6,62 6,74
Romania         5,63 6,08
Slovenia        6,38 6,38
Spain           7,06 7,34
South Africa    6,24 7,07
East Germany    6,78 6,82
Hungary         6,34 6,13
Ireland         7,67 8,10
Russia          4,83 5,54
Austria         7,43 6,56
Italy           6,86 7,45
Norway          7,55 7,83
Iceland         8,23 8,13
Czech-Slovakia  7,33 6,31
France          6,55 7,07
Portugal        7,11 7,21
Finland         7,48 7,72
Belgium         7,63 7,76
West Germany    7,22 7,41
Sweden          7,97 8,27
Denmark         8,35 8,33
Switzerland     8,19 8,55
Canada          7,72 8,08
Netherlands     8,00 7,90
Great Britain   7,43 7,65
United States   7,60 7,97

All             7,43 7,08
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = -.07 p < .01 Beta controlled for
-gender
-age

Unaffected by gender
Stronger in collectivist nations (interaction term ß=-.02 p<.01)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a DMt = -                 0   1
China          7,66 6,62
Nigeria        7,49 6,72
Turkey         8,00 5,67
Brazil         8,06 6,26
Belarus        7,23 6,00
Estonia        7,23 5,86
Latvia         7,05 5,95
Lithuania      7,44 5,77
Mexico         7,36 6,47
Chile          7,93 6,15
Japan          6,47 5,41
India          7,43 5,71
Argentina      7,55 6,34
Bulgaria       6,86 5,79
North.Ireland 10,00 6,81
Poland         8,81 6,60
Romania        7,13 5,95
Slovania       7,24 6,69
Spain          6,77 5,81
South Africa   7,68 6,98
East Germany   8,19 6,48
Hungary        7,42 6,07
Ireland        8,83 7,15
Russia         7,09 5,52
Austria        8,34 6,97
Italy          7,28 6,26
Norway         8,20 7,45
Iceland        8,71 7,69
Czech-Slovak   6,72 5,81
France         7,38 6,55
Portugal       7,84 6,39
Finland        7,43 6,18
Belgium        7,93 6,60
West Germany   8,58 6,66
Sweden         8,69 8,19
Denmark        7,94 7,16
Switzerland    6,27 6,18
Canada         8,50 7,55
Netherlands    8,43 6,79
Britain        8,30 6,75
United States  8,78 7,50

All            7,46 6,43

Regression analysis showed no difference in positive affect, however a significant difference in negative affect, married persons reporting less negative affect.

This analysis was not run for Affect Balance (PA-NA)