Findings on happiness in Botha et al. (2018): study ZA 2012

Author(s)Botha, F.; Booysen, F.R.; Wouters, E.
TitleHappiness, Socioeconomic Status, and Family Functioning in South African Households: a Structural Equation Modelling Approach
SourceApplied Research Quality Life, 2018, Vol. 13, 947-989
Public16+ aged general public, South Africa, 2012
Survey nameSA-SAS 2012_1
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents N =2111
 single-person households and particular two-persons households with a single parent and a child younger than 12 were excluded here
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: If you were to consider your life in general, how happy of unhappy would you say you are, on the whole? 7 completely happy 6 very happy 5 fairly happy 4 neither happy nor unhappy 3 fairly unhappy 2 very unhappy 1 completely unhappy - can't choose - no answer
Author's labelhappiness
Page in publication955
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.583.01

Scores in1234567

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Age and age squaredA04abCurrent age (in years)
Attachment (family functioning)F03acAttitudes to family-life
Attachment (family functioning)F02acFamily climate, also classified as above ↑
Changeability (family functioning)F03acAttitudes to family-life
Changeability (family functioning)F02acFamily climate, also classified as above ↑
Female-headed household statusH20abCurrent household-composition
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Geographical areaL13ab02bRural vs urban dwelling
Health statusH14ab02Self-perceived health
Household SES quartilesS09ab01'Objective' socio-economic status
Household sizeH20ab03Number of persons in household
Household structureH20abCurrent household-composition
Individual SES quartilesS09ab01'Objective' socio-economic status
Marital statusM02aa01Married vs never married
Marital statusM02ab01bVs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab01cVs separated, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab01aVs widowed, also classified as above ↑
RaceE04ab03oEthnic status in South Africa
Religion statusR12ab01Religious (vs not)
SESS09abCurrent socio-economic status
Subjective SES quartilesS09ab02Subjective social rank