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Correlational findings

Study Botha et al. (2018): study ZA 2012

Public:
16+ aged general public, South Africa, 2012
Survey name:
SA-SAS 2012_1
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2111
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
SES
Our Classification
Operationalization
a: Individual SES index: respondents ..
    -   income
    -  education
    -  employment status
b: Household SES index
    - total household income before tax and other deductions
    - household characteristics such as asset ownership
    - infrastructures such as electricity access, toilet facilities, dwelling type, source of drinking water
c: Subjective SES index : respondent's
    - perception of the household's SES relative to other households, i.e. perceived family wealth, perceived relative income
    - actual income vs. required income

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-g-sq-v-7-ab rs = +.19 p < .001 none a: INDIVIDUAL SES O-HL-g-sq-v-7-ab Beta = +.12 none O-HL-g-sq-v-7-ab rs = +.39 p < .001 none b: HOUSEHOLD SES O-HL-g-sq-v-7-ab Beta = +.26 none O-HL-g-sq-v-7-ab rs = +.48 p < .001 none c: SUBJECTIVE SES O-HL-g-sq-v-7-ab Beta = +.36 none Betas controlled for:
- family situation
  - attachment
  - changeability
  - household size
  - household structure
  - female-headed household
- personal characteristics
  - log(age), log(age squared)
  - gender
  - race (coloured, Asian/Indian, white)
  - marital status
  - health
  - religion
- location
  - geographical area