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Studies

Wong (1985a): study US 1984

Publication

Author(s):
Wong, N.W.
Title:
Effects of Individual Sources of Support on Well-Being in Employed Parents.
Source:
PhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA

Investigation

Public:
Working parents with children <16, USA, 1984
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 651
Non Response:
59-79%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire returned by intra office mail in a sealed envelope

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days?   Would you say that you are....?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Author's label:
Happiness
Remarks:
Married Fathers  M = 2,0  SD = .60  N = 208
Married Mothers M = 1,8  SD = .60  N = 287
Single  Mothers  M = 1,7  SD = .63  N = 149

Single fathers = 7 (not included in analysis),
Page in publication:
36,51,29
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.84
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

All in all, how satisfied would you say you are with your life as a whole?
1  not at all satisfied
2  not too satisfied
3  very satisfied
4  extremely satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i
Author's label:
General Life Satisfaction
Remarks:
Married Fathers  M = 3,6  SD = .79  N = 208
Married Mothers M = 3,3  SD = .85  N = 287
Single  Mothers  M = 3,1  SD = 1,0  N = 149

Single fathers = 7 (not included in analysis),
Page in publication:
36,129
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.35

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Stress of combining job and parenting Life-stress inventories
Attitudes to parenting
Perceived conflict between work and home life
Working Parents Current parental status
Single parent
Spouse Support Support by spouse
Sources of current support
Support from Friends, Neighbors and Relatives Contacts with relatives
Current contacts with friends
Social contacts in vinicity
Sources of current support
Perceived conflict between work and home life
Support from Co-workers Sources of current support
Satisfaction with colleagues
Support from Supervisor Sources of current support
Satisfaction with management
Spousal Resentment Support by spouse
Blaming
Perceived conflict between work and home life
Resentment from Friends, Neighbors and Relatives Perceived conflict between work and home life
Contacts with relatives
Current contacts with friends
Social contacts in vinicity
Blaming
Sources of current support
Resentment from Co-workers Sources of current support
Satisfaction with colleagues
Perceived conflict between work and home life
Resentment from Supervisor Sources of current support
Satisfaction with management
Perceived conflict between work and home life
Poor Mental Health Self ratings of mental health Poor Physical Health Self-perceived health Job strain Demands in work Job satisfaction Current satisfaction with work Family strain Satisfaction with family Family satisfaction Satisfaction with family
Attitudes to characteristics of one's children
Satisfaction with marriage
Age Current age (in years) Education Level of school-education