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Studies

Payne (1974): study GB 1972

Publication

Author(s):
Payne, R.L.
Title:
N.M. Bradburn's Measures of Psychological Well-Being: An Attempt at Replication.
Source:
M.C.R. Social and Applied Psychology Unit, Department of Psychology University of Sheffield, 1974, UK

Investigation

Public:
Employed males, supervising jobs, England, 197?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 192
Non Response:
4% incomplete.
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Interview and questionnaire administered at home.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 13 questions:

"During the past four weeks have you ever felt....?" (yes/no)

A   Pleased about having accomplished something.
B   Things going my way.
C   Proud because someone complimented me on something I  
     had done.
D  Particularly excited or interested in something I had done.
E  On top of the world.
F  A deep sense of joy.
G  Pleased because my life feels orderly and secure.
H  Bored.
I    Very lonely and remote from other people.
J   Jealous of somebody.
K   Angry with someone.
L   Disappointed in myself..
M  Unhappy about the small number of times I have pleasant  
     feelings and experiences.

Answer options:
0  no
    yes
If yes: How often did you feel so?
5   every day
4   several times a week
3   once a week
2   2 or 3 times a month
1   once a month

Summation:
- Positive Affect Score (PAS): Average A to G
- Negative  Affect Score (NAS): Average H to M
- Affect Balance Score (AB): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: +42 tot -30

Name : Bradburn's "Affected Balance Scale' (modified version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-5-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being.
Error estimates:
Reliability: Equivalence: positive items : Q ranging from -.17 to +.70 negative items : Q ranging from +.03 to +.56 positive x negative items : Q ranging from -.15 to +.74 positive affect score x negative affect score: G = +.39 Validity:
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days?   Would you say that you are....?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Author's label:
Psychological well-being.
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

When you think of the things you want from life, how would you say that you're doing in getting the things you want.....?"
2  pretty well
1  not too well
Classification:
C-W-u-sq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being.

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Encountered new stimulating ideas Self-perceived creativeness Having sufficient energy to do things one wants Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired) Getting what one wants from life A-AB by C-RW Long-standing illness Chronic illness Recent illness. Days ill Health status. Current psycho-somatic complaints Ever expected a nervous breakdown Earlier mental health Expected a nervous breakdown more than once Earlier mental health Wish to change life. Wish to change life New activities or hobbies engaged in. Change in specific leisure activities Satisfaction with work itself. Satisfaction with work itself Satisfaction with boss. Satisfaction with management Satisfaction with colleagues Satisfaction with colleagues Satisfaction with pay Satisfaction with pay Self-esteem Evaluation of self-as-a-whole Talking with friendson telephone Telephone calls with friends Contacts with friends Current contacts with friends Having met new people Change in personal contacts Psychological well- being O-HL by A-AB