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Studies

Ouweneel (2000): study ZZ 1980

Publication

Author(s):
Ouweneel, P.
Title:
Meer Zekerheid is Niet Meer Welzijn. (More Security is Not more Well-Being).
Source:
Economisch Statistische Berichten, 2000, 14th April, 320 - 322

Investigation

Public:
Adults, general public, 15 nations 1980, 39 nations 1990
Sample:
Mixed samples
Respondents:
N = 50000
Non Response:
n.a.
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Most studies used face-to-face interviews

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
balance of feelings
Page in publication:
320
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1   dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10  satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a
Author's label:
life satisfaction
Page in publication:
321
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4  very happy
3  quite happy
2  not very happy
1  not at all happy.
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a
Author's label:
general question about happiness state
Page in publication:
320

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Size of welfare state Social security in nation Growth in social security expenditures Social security in nation Social security Social security in nation
Inequality in happiness in nation
Change in inequality in happiness and social security Social security in nation
Inequality of happiness in nations