Morgan et al. (1919): study US 1917
- Morgan, E.; Mull, H.K.; Washburn, M.F.
- An Attempt to Test Moods or Temperaments of Cheerfulness and Depression by Directed Recall of Emotionally Toned Experiences.
- American Journal of Psychology, 1919, Vol. 30, 302 - 304
- Female students, college USA, 191?
- N = 97
- Non Response
Open interview during five successive days, using a verbal projective technique
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Peer rating on the basis of two questions:
A. "Is S inclined to be ... most of the time?"
b optimistic and cheerful
a pessimistic and depressed
B. "Is she ... in mood?"
Ss were classified as:
5 steadily optimistic
4 variable tending to optimism
3 indifferent or fluctuating
2 variable tending to pessimism
1 steadily pessimistic.
- Author's label: