Correlational findings

Study Morgan et al. (1919): study US 1917

Female students, college USA, 191?
N = 97
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face
Open interview during five successive days, using a verbal projective technique


Authors's label
Pleasant associations.
Our Classification
Score based on the difference between the number of pleasant associations reported by each S, and the average number of pleasant associations reported by the whole sample on each of 5 lists of 50 stimulus words, using one series on each of 5 consecutive days.

Ss were asked: 'When I pronounce a word to you, observe what idea that word first calls to your mind, and report whether it is a plesant or unpleasant idea. If it seems neither pleasant nor unpleasant, but indifferent, continue thinking until either a pleasant or unpleasant idea is suggested and report which it is'.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-CP-g-rdp-v-5-a r = + Analysis of the results strongly suggests the existence of a real positive correlation between exceeding or falling below the average number of pleasant associations and cheerfulness.