McGrade (1968): study US 1963
- McGrade, B.J.
- Newborn Activity and Emotional Response at Eight Months.
- Child Development, 1968, Vol. 39, 1247 - 1252
- Infants followed from birth to 8 month, USA, 196?
- N = 24
- Non Response:
- 46% unattainable.
Mailed questionnaire and peerratings
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Time sampling of happy behaviors:
Clinical ratings on the basis of repeated observations of expressive behavior in test situation. Scored by two independent rates. Interval between tests was one week.
"General emotional tone: unhappy - happy."
1 Child seems unhappy throughout the period.
2 Mostly unhappy, but not consistently so.
3 At times rather unhappy, but may respond happily to
4 Seems calm and contented.
5 Happy: may become upset by some procedures, but recovers
6 Appears generally in a happy state of well-being.
7 Consistently happy, radiating a gay mood, only rarely
disturbed by an annoying situation.
8 Radiantly happy; nothing is upsetting; animated.
Item in Bayley Infant Behavior Profile, Research Form 1959.
- Author's label:
- Emotional tone.