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Studies

Maltby et al. (2005): study GB 2004

Publication

Author(s):
Maltby, J.; Barber, L.; Day, L.
Title:
Forgiveness and Happiness. The Differing Contexts of Forgiveness using the Distinction between Hedonic and Eudaimonic Happiness.
Source:
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2005, Vol. 6, 1 - 13

Investigation

Public:
Students, United Kingdom, 2005
Sample:
Probability stratified sample
Respondents:
N = 244
Non Response:
not reported
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 6 questions:

A number of statements that people have used to describe how they feel are given below. Read each one and circle the number that best describes how frequently that statement was true for you in the past seven days, including today. Some statements describe positive feelings and some describe negative feelings. You may have experienced both positive and negative feelings at different times in the past week.
A  I felt dissatisfied with my life
B  I felt happy
C  I felt cheerless
D  I felt pleased with the way I am
E  I felt life was enjoyable
F  I felt life was meaningless

Answer options:
0  never
1  rarely
2  sometimes
3  often

Negative affect score (NAS): A + C + F
Positive affect score   (PAS): B + D + E
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Joseph's 'Short Depression-Happiness Scale' (SDHS)
Classification:
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b
Author's label:
Hedonic Happiness
Page in publication:
1, 6

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Negative affect Forgiving Negative cognition Forgiving Negative behavior Forgiving Positive affect Forgiving Positive cognition Forgiving Positive behavior Forgiving Forgiveness Forgiving Gender Sex (male vs female) Depression-Happiness scale Life-adjustment inventories