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Studies

Ludwigs (2014): study DE 2014

Publication

Author(s):
Ludwigs, K.
Title:
Does the Awareness of Individual Happiness have an Effect on Individual Happiness? ( Hat das Nachdenken über das individuelle Glücksempfinden einen Einfluss auf das individuelle Glücksempfinden?)
Source:
M.Sc., Heinrich-Heine University, 2014, Düsseldorf, Germany

Investigation

Public:
Users of a happiness app and controls, followed 9 weeks. Germany 2014
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability self-selected
Respondents:
N = 349
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
0  extremely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely happy
-    don't know
-    no answer
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a
Author's label:
core happiness
Page in publication:
27
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays?
0  extremely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely satisfied
-    don't know
-   no answer
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cd
Author's label:
core life satisfaction
Page in publication:
27
Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Affect balance
Page in publication:
27
Full text:
Selfreport on single question repeated 6 times a day during 4 weeks

How happy are you?
0 unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 happy
All numbers presented with faces
Computation: Average all ratings
Classification:
A-AOL-mi-sqr-f-11-ab
Author's label:
Experience sampling happiness
Full text:
Selfreport on a) activities of the previous day and b) how one had felt during these activities (DRM)

How did you feel during that activity?
10 happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0   unhappy
All numbers presented with faces

Computation: Average happiness over all activities/time
Classification:
A-AA-yd-mqr-fn-11-b
Author's label:
Day Reconstruction

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Use of the happiness-Analyser Mood awareness training
Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Exercise
School
On invitation, payed in money or study credit
No particular setting, recruitment on interest
EMS-Happiness O-HL by A-AOL
O-SL by A-AOL
A-AOL by A-AB
Method of interrogation
DRM-Happiness O-HL by A-AOL
O-SL by A-AOL
A-AOL by A-AB
Method of interrogation
Retrospective Happiness O-HL by O-SL
O-HL by A-AB
Retrospective Life-satisfaction O-SL by A-AB
Method of interrogation
Flourishing Scale Flourishing scales Domain satisfaction questionnaire Multiple aspect evaluations of life Satisfaction With Life Scale SWLS Happiness inventories involving unacceptable items Subjective Wellbeing index Happiness inventories involving unacceptable items