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Studies

Lowenthal & Chiriboga (1973): study US 1969

Publication

Author(s):
Lowenthal, M.F.; Chiriboga, D.A.
Title:
Social Stress and Adaptation. Toward a Life-Course Perspective.
Source:
Eisdorfer, C.; Lawton, M.P; Eds.: "Psychology of Adult Development and Aging", American Psychological Association, Washington DC, USA, 281 - 310

Investigation

Public:
People in transition, metropolis, USA, 1969
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 216
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Half-structured focused interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

In general, how happy are you these days .....?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb
Author's label:
Morale
Remarks:
% very happy: 25 to 52
Page in publication:
87
Full text:
Selfreport on 11 questions:

"During the past few weeks, did you ever feel.....?"
A  angry
B  bored
C  could not get going
D  depressed
E  lonely
F  too busy
G  uneasy
H  excited
I   on top of the world
J   pleased
K  proud

Answer options and scoring:
- yes = 1
- no = 0

Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on H, I, J, K
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores A, B, C, D, E, F, G
Affect Balance Score (ABS):  PAS minus NAS

Possible range:  -7 to +5

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
Classification:
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-a
Author's label:
Affect Balance
Remarks:
13.7 to 16.0
Page in publication:
87

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Recent stress Summed life-events: standard weights Cumulative stress Burden of earlier life-events Perceived stress (preoccupation with stress) Burden of earlier life-events Mental health: complexity Current general mental health
PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION