Correlational findings

Study Lowenthal & Chiriboga (1973): study US 1969

People in transition, metropolis, USA, 1969
N = 216
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face
Half-structured focused interview


Authors's label
Mental health: complexity
Our Classification
Resource-deficit configuration: the high/high combination is the most "complex", the low/low combination the most "simple".
A. Resources (aspects of positive mental health)
   13 characteristics, such as:
   - familial mutuality
   - insight
   - competence
   - self-satisfaction, etc.
   rated on the basis of an interview protocol.
B. Deficits (aspects of negative mental health):
   5 ratings of mental impairment based on scores on a symptom inventory and analysis of the interview protocol.

Both resource level and deficit levels were devided in three categories: high, middle, low. This allowed nine combinations:
9:  high/high
*: high/middle
1: low/low

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-a SNR = + Resource/deficit combinations in order of happiness: most happy:           medium/low
           second happy:         high/low
           third happy:          low/low
           least happy(ninth):   medium/medium

Resource/deficit combinations characteristic of the happiest among:
     high school seniors         high/high
     newly weds                  medium/low
     middle-aged parents         medium/low
     preretirees                 low/low

The correspondence of happiness and "complexity" in mental health declines with age.