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Studies

Li et al. (2001): study US 1996

Publication

Author(s):
Li, F.; Duncan, S.C.; Duncan, T.E.; McAuley, E.
Title:
Enhancing the Psychological Well-Being of Elderly Individuals Through Tai Chi Exercise: A Latent Growth Curve Analysis
Source:
Structural Equation Modeling, 2001,Vol. 8, 53-83

Investigation

Public:
Low active elderly participants in an exercise training and controls, USA, 199?
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability self-selected
Respondents:
N = 95
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
All participants completed measures during an initial group orientation meeting (T1). Participants from the experimental group com pleted these measures a second (Month 3: T2) and third (Month 6: T3) time either at the end of a practice class or at home, whereas participants in the control group completed their second and third assessments by mail.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past week?:
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  ashamed
I  guilty
J  hostile
K  excited
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested
Answer options:  
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): (A to J)/10
Positive affect score (PAS): (K to T)/10
Affect Balance Score  (ABS): PAS - NAS


Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('past week' version)
Classification:
A-BW-cw-mq-v-5-d
Author's label:
Positive and Negative affect
Page in publication:
57
Error estimates:
Cronbachs alpha PA: 0.88-0.90-0.89 Cronbachs alpha NA 0.85-0.86-0.86
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -4 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.76

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding 24 week TaiChi program Voluntary, unsolicited
Change involvement in sports
Tai chi, Yoga
Guided intervention
Multiple treatment moments
Mono sort