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Studies

Levin & Taylor (1998): study US 1979

Publication

Author(s):
Levin, J.S.; Taylor, R.J.
Title:
Panel Analyses of Religious Involvement and Well-Being in African Americans: Contemporaneous vs. Longitudinal Effects.
Source:
Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 1998, Vol. 37, 695 - 709

Investigation

Public
18+ aged Blacks, USA, followed 1979 to 1992
Sample
Probability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents
N = 1988
Non Response
32%
Assessment
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Would you way that you are....?
4  very satisfied
3  somewhat satisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
1  very dissatisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-aa
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Remarks:
T1 (1979) : M = 3,04     SD = 0,82
T2 (1992) : M = 3,21     SD = 0,76
Page in publication:
701
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.13 -
SD:
0.79 -
Full text:
Self report on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days?   Would you say that you are....?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Author's label:
Happiness
Remarks:
T1 (1979) : M = 2,13     SD = 0,66
T2 (1992) : M = 2,06     SD = 0,65
Page in publication:
701
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.10 -
SD:
0.66 -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Religious attendance Current religious practices Church membership Church-member or not Asking for prayer Praying Subjective religiosity Satisfaction with religion Health satisfaction Satisfaction with health Age Current age (in years) Female Sexe: male (vs female) Education Level of school-education Married Married state (compared to non-married states) Employed Current employment status Southern Region in USA Urban Rural dwelling (vs urban) Earlier religious attendance Earlier religion Earlier church membership Earlier religion Church activity Participation in church Church activity Change in religion
Participation in church
Reading religious books Reading
Current religious practices
Reading religious books Reading
Change in religion
Listening to religious TV/Radio Tv watching, radio listening
Current religious practices
Listening to religious TV/Radio Tv watching, radio listening
Change in religion
Prayer Praying Prayer Change in religion
Praying
Asking for prayer Change in religion
Praying
Subjective religiosity Change in religion
Satisfaction with religion