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Studies

Klassen et al. (1975): study US Kansas 1972

Publication

Author(s):
Klassen, D.; Anderson, P.B.; Hornstra, R.K.
Title:
Influence of Social Desirability on Symptom and Mood Reporting in a Community Survey.
Source:
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1975, Vol. 43, 448 - 452

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, Kansas City, USA, 1971-1972
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 976
Non Response:
27%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Lead item not reported.
[  10  ] best possible life
[    9  ]
[    8  ]
[    7  ]
[    6  ]
[    5  ]
[    4  ]
[    3  ]
[    2  ]
[    1  ]  worst possible life

Name: Cantril's self anchoring Ladder rating of life (modified version)
Classification:
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-a
Author's label:
Ladder rating
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days?   Would you say that you are....?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Author's label:
General happiness
Full text:
Selfreport on  single question:

How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life.....?

Response options: not reported
Classification:
M-PL-g-sq-?-0-a
Author's label:
Enjoying life

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Need for social approval Approval seeking