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Studies

Kammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /3

Publication

Author(s):
Kammann, R.; Flett, R.
Title:
Sourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source:
'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, New Zealand, 198?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 118
Non Response:
61%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

"Here are some circles that we can imagine represent the lives of different people. Circle eight has all pluses in it, to represent a person who has all the good things in his life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, to represent a person who has all the bad things in his life. Other circles are in between. Which circle do you think comes closest to matching your life?"
(circles not reproduced here )
8  + + + + + + + +
7  + + + + + + + -
6  + + + + + +  - -
5  + + + + +  -  - -
4 + + + +  -  -  - -
3  + + +  -  -  -  - -
2  + +  -  -  -  -  - -
2  +  -  -  -  -  -  - -
0   -  -  -  -  -  -  - -

Name: Andrews & Withey's 'Circles Scale'
Classification:
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-a
Author's label:
Circles scale
Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Affect Balance Scale
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

"Taking all things together, how would you say you have been this period? Check the phrase that best describes how you have felt."
7  very happy
6  happy
5  somewhat happy
4  mixed (about equally happy and unhappy)
3  somewhat unhappy
2  unhappy
1  very unhappy
Classification:
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-a
Author's label:
7-Step Happiness / Criterion Item
Full text:
Selfreport on three questions: answered every evening before retiring during 3 weeks:
A  what percentage of the time you were awake today did you feel happy?
B  what percentage did you feel unhappy?
C  what percentage did you feel neither happy nor unhappy

Respondents were told that the three percentages should add up to equal 100%.
Classification:
A-ARE-md-mq-th%-100-a
Author's label:
Net Time Happy
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale'  (original version)
Classification:
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-a
Author's label:
Life as a Whole
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days?   Would you say that you are....?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Author's label:
3-Step Happiness
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

"......overall mood of the past day ......"  
( full question not reported.)
10  Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9    Very elated and in very high spirits.   Tremendous
      delight and buoyancy
8    Elated and in high spirits
7    Feeling very good and cheerful
6    Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5    Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4    Spirits low and somewhat "blue"
3    Depressed and feeling very low.
      Definitely "blue"
2    Tremendously depressed.
      Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1    Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
      All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - Depression Scale'
Classification:
A-AOL-md-sq-v-10-a
Author's label:
Elation-Depression
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about your life as a whole?
7  completely happy
6
5
4  neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1  completely unhappy
Classification:
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-a
Author's label:
Faces
Full text:
Selfreport on 96 questions:

SENTENCES
Each of the sentences below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past week;
A   Nothing goes right with me
B    I feel close to people around me
C    I feel as though the best years of my life are over
D    I feel my life is on the right track
E    I feel loved and trusted
F    My work gives me a lot of pleasure
G    I don't like myself
H    I feel very tense
I     I feel life isn't worth living
J     I am content with myself
K    My past life is filled with failure
L     Everything I do seems worthwhile
M    I can't be bothered doing anything
N    I feel I can do whatever I want to
O    I have lost interest in other people and don't care about
       them
P     Everything is going right for me
Q     I can express my feelings and emotions towards other
        people
R     I'm easy going
S     I seem to bee left alone when I don't want to be
T     I wish I could change some parts of my life
U     I seem to have no real drive to do anything
V     The future looks good
W    I become very lonely
X     I can concentrate well on what I'm doing
Y     I feel out of place
Z     I think clearly and creatively
AA   I feel alone
AB   I feel free and easy
AC   I smile and laugh a lot
AD   I feel things are going my way
AE   The world seems a cold and impersonal place
AF    I feel I've made a mess of things again
AG   I feel like hiding away
AH   I feel confident about decisions I make
AI     I feel depressed for no apparent reason
AJ    I feel other people like me
AK   I feel like a failure
AL   I feel I'm a complete person
AM  I'm not sure I'm done the wright thing
AN   My future looks good
AO   I'm making the most out of my life
AP   Everything is going right for me
AQ   I feel unimportant
AR   I feel as though there must be something wrong with me
AS   I don't feel like making the effort to do anything
AT   I feel confident in my dealings with the opposite sex
AU   I want to hurt those who have hurt me
AV   The results I have obtained make my efforts worthwhile  

ADJECTIVES
Each of the objectives below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past week;
A     Confident
B     Hopeless
C     Pleasant
D     Insignificant
E     Discontented
F     Healthy
G     Dejected
H     Annoyed
I      Down
J      Glad
K     Glowing
L      Relaxed
M     Comfortable
N     Moody
O     Understood
P      Blue
Q     Miserable
R     Joyful
S     Tense
T     Insecure
U     Shaky
V     Satisfied
W    Safe
X      Successful
Y      Free
Z      Sad
AA   Good-natured
AB   Impatient
AC   Rejected
AD   Lively
AE   Frustrated
AF   Fearful
AG   Lonely
AH   Warm
AI     Contented
AJ    Good
AK    Secure
AL    Disappointed
AM   Understanding
AN    Depressed
AO    Low
AP    Calm
AQ    Unhappy
AR    Upset
AS     Empty
AT     Enthusiastic
AU     Happy
AV     Vibrant

Answer options:
0  not at all
1  occasionally
2  some of the time
3  often
4  all of the time

Summation:
- Positive Affect Score (PAS): mean positive items
- Negative Affect Score (NAS): mean negative items
- Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus  NAS
Possible range - 4  to  +4

Name: Kamman's Affectometer 1: version last week
Classification:
A-BK-cw-mq-v-5-a
Author's label:
Affectometer 1

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding General well-being Psychological-morale inventories