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Studies

Gruber & Mullainathan (2006): study US 1973

Publication

Author(s):
Gruber, J.; Mullainathan, S.
Title:
Do Cigarette Taxes Make Smokers Happier?
Source:
Ng, Y.K.;Ho, S.L.;Eds.: ''Happiness and Public Policy'', Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, UK, 109 - 146

Investigation

Public:
16+ aged, United States of America, 1973 - 1998
Survey name:
US-GSS
Sample:
Probability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents:
N = 36421
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days?   Would you say that you are....?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Author's label:
Happiness
Page in publication:
113
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 12%,   2: 55%,   3: 32%   (total 99%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.20 7.23
SD:
0.64 1.65

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Change tobacco tax rate in state Raise of tobacco tax in region Marital status Married state (compared to non-married states)
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Education Level of school-education
School dropout
Parents education Parents education Income Household income Race Ethnic status in the USA Number of children Number of children Employment status Current employment status
Not in labour force
Full-time vs part-time
Church attendance Participation in church